# Calculating Tank Wetted Area – Chemical Processing

## Calculating Tank Wetted Area – Chemical Processing

Determine the average yearly height.

Determine the average wetted surface area and vapor contact surface area of tank (FT2).
Note: the floor area of the tank is not included however the roof area is included in the vapor surface area.
Determine BTU/HR loss per square foot of tank area for wetted surface and for vapor contact surface (BTU/HR-FT2).

Obtain value of fuel (\$/MMBTU).

Establish energy conversion (%).
Calculate annual fuel savings separately for wetted surface and vapor contact surface (MMBTU/YR), basis design heat recovery. Combine wetted surface fuel savings with vapor contact surface fuel savings for total fuel savings (MMBTU/HR).
Calculate annual cost savings (\$/YR).
Savings (\$/YR) = (Total annual fuel savings) x (\$/MMBTU).
Example:
Consider the following crude storage tank:
Tank diameter = 40 ft
Tank height = 30 ft
Crude oil temp = 180ºF
Average ambient temp = 60ºF
Average height of crude in tank = 10 ft
Value of fuel = 4 \$/MMBTU
Heater conversion efficiency = 80%
Design heat recovery = 90%

Using the procedure described:

Wetted surface are = (3.14 x 40 x 10) = 1260 ft2
Vapor contact surface area = (3.14 x 40 x 20) + (3.14 x 400) = 3770 ft2
At a temperature difference of 120ºF, the wetted surface heat loss in 265 (BTU/HR-ft2) and the vapor contact surface heat loss is 100 (BTU/HR-ft2).

Fuel savings for wetted surface: Total fuel savings: (MMBTU/YR) = 3295 + 3720 = 7015
Annual cost savings: (\$/YR) = 7015 x 4 = \$28060

### HEAT LOSS FROM UNINSULATED OIL TANKS ### Other Info

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